On Water Emergency Checklist
SoPYC Emergency Response Plan
- Although SoPYC is not equipped to provide extensive emergency response the South of Perth Yacht Club (ERP) provides a systematic approach to responding to an incident occurring during an event conducted by the club
- Do you have the SoPYC On Water Emergency Phone Numbers displayed on board?
- SoPYC will pass on any emergency call to the WA Water Police and assist in coordinating external medical assistance and other assistance when a vessel or her crew is in grave and imminent danger
Notification of incident
- When a boat needs emergency assistance, it should use all available means to attract attention
- Do you have flares, marine radio, mobile phone, or other communications onboard?
- In the event a vessel is seriously damaged rendering it unsafe or unseaworthy and/or a person is seriously injured have you notified the Department of Transport as required?
- Where a yacht requires emergency response the yacht should use the standard marine emergency call procedures (MAY DAY or PAN PAN)
- MAY DAY – Only used if a vessel or person is in grave or imminent danger and requires immediate assistance
- PAN PAN – Used when a May Day distress call is not fully justified – urgent message concerning the safety of the vessel or person
- If the incident does not merit a May Day or Pan Pan call, but assistance is required, contact Race Control 0421 704 945 or VJ6SP on VHF 77 or 27.94
Responsibility of the Skipper
- The responsibility for a boat’s decision to participate in a race or to continue racing is hers alone.
- Are you aware of the YA special regulations YASR 1.01 and 1.02 pages 185 and 186 in the Racing Rules of Sailing?
- Have you complied with the Racing Rules of Sailing 1.2 – one PFD available for immediate use?
- Do you have the latest weather forecast and charts for the area?
- Is the vessel well found and adequate for the conditions?
- Are the crew appropriately experienced to cope with reasonably anticipated conditions?
- Do the event entry rules specify special safety requirements?
- Is all safety equipment: maintained, easily accessible at all times and conforms to appropriate Marine standards?
Responsibility of the Crew
- Each competitor is individually responsible for wearing a personal flotation device adequate for the conditions.
- Are crew members briefed on their individual role on the boat?
- Are the crew familiar with the vessel’s Person-Over-Board procedures and location of the equipment?
- Has the crew been engaged in a practical Person-Over-Board exercise?
- Is there at least one other crew member, in addition to the Skipper, capable of handling the vessel in all conditions?
- A boat shall carry adequate life-saving equipment for all persons on board.
- Has the Skipper provided a safety briefing; where it is stowed, how to use it and when to use it?
- Does someone onboard have a Senior First Aid Certificate?
- Have the likely dangers of participating been discussed with the crew?
- What equipment is available for use in the event of a collision between boats or a person-over-board?
- Are all on board familiar with the use of flares, marine radio etc in event the skipper or usual operator is incapacitated?
- Skippers should ensure that the capabilities of all crew and passengers, as well as their own, are not adversely affected by the consumption of alcohol prior to or during any race or cruise. Aside from obvious dangers involved, the Water Police are paying increasing attention to the consumption of alcohol on private vessels and penalties can be severe.
- Is there a policy on your vessel concerning if, when and how alcohol might be consumed?
- For Hypothermia refer to the Advisory Appendix D in the 2009-2012 YA Blue Book Page 270
- If urgent outside assistance is required an vessel should:
- Transmit a PAN PAN on 27.88 or VHF Ch. 16
- Contact SoPYC Race Control 0421 704 945 or VJ6SP on VHF 77 or 27.94
- What is the nature of the injury or complaint?
- Is an ambulance required, if so, at what location?
- Refer to the Advisory Appendix C in the 2009-2012 YA Blue Book Page 264
- Have the crew carried out Person-Over-Board exercises under all conditions of sailing?
- If the vessel: becomes disabled, is unable to retrieve the Person-Over-Board and/or loses sight of the Person-Over-Board she should immediately issue an urgency call and make contact with the SoPYC Race Control
Heavy Weather Sailing
- Refer to the Advisory Appendix E in the 2009-2012 YA Blue Book Page 274
- Be aware of the heavy load a sea places on deck fittings
- Have you considered “heaving-to” (jib aback, main sheeted in tight and rudder steering to windward)?
- Loss of fluids induces dehydration, encourage water intake in sips
- Secure and position person in lowest motion part of vessel (usually the stern), face in the wind, with sight of horizon
- Avoid alcohol and greasy foods before voyage, consider heaving-to in serious cases
Capsize and/or Sinking
- Is anyone injured?
- Use all available means to notify another vessel, Race Control or other responsible person of the situation
- Stay with the vessel (unless it sinks out of sight)
- Right the vessel if possible
- Do everything possible to conserve core body heat
- Assess damage and potential danger
- Unless taking on excessive water make every effort to refloat the vessel before requesting outside assistance
- The decision to render assistance is at the discretion of those coming to your aid
Collision resulting in Severe Damage
- If the vessel is disabled she should immediately issue a PAN PAN call on 27.88 nor VHF Ch. 16 or phone Race Control
- Contact the Department of Transport Oil Pollution Reporting section listed in the On Water Emergency Phone Section of your Red Book
- Most important consideration is human life, the boat is secondary
- Prevention is preferable to fire fighting
- Correct installation and good house-keeping, regular maintenance and fire prevention is necessary
- If possible make a PAN PAN call
- Was the use and location of a fire blanket and/or extinguisher covered in the safety equipment briefing?